What is vascular disease  ?
Problems with blood flow to body organs, arms, legs, the brain and the heart are caused by stenosis (blockages) in the arteries and capillaries. Arteries are large blood vessels, that lead from the heart to the organs, muscles and every part of the body to bring a fresh blood supply to every corner of the body. Arteries get smaller along the way and divide into smaller blood vessels, called capillaries, to reach every last part of the body.
These blood vessels develop blockages because of two different diseases:


1. Atherosclerosis
2. Arteriosclerosis


The consequences of vascular disease: 

The list of problems that can be caused by artery disease is truly impressive, but it should not be surprising that it is so extensive given that a fresh supply of oxygenated blood is absolutely necessary for proper functioning in any organ. Even diseases that are more complicated, in that they have causes other than decreased blood flow, are made worse by arterial disease.

A prime example is Alzheimer's Disease. True Alzheimer's Disease is mimicked by simple arterio-/athero-sclerosis of the arteries and arterioles supplying the brain. Diabetes is known to be made worse by poor blood flow to the pancreas, and poor blood supply also can cause decreased output of digestive enzymes from the exocrine part of the pancreas, causing incomplete digestion.

Decreased blood supply to the kidneys results in the inappropriate release of angiotensin by the kidneys, inducing hypertension throughout the vascular tree. The joints, particularly the joints of the low back, react with inflammation and pain to decreasing blood flow and this, along with the degeneration of ligament tissue and disc disease, is responsible for the so-called low back syndrome, also called lumbago.

The effect on the extremities is cold hands and feet, and in an advanced case, gangrene of the extremities can result. Impotence can be caused by decreased blood flow to the penis due to clogged arterioles. Frigidity can be caused by decreased blood flow to the pelvis. Cancer is known to be accelerated by decreased blood flow to the affected tissues. When blood flow is decreased to the immunocompetent cells in the bone marrow and spleen, the immune system itself is weakened. 

The common treatments for vascular disease are blood thinning medication, vessel dilating medication, cholesterol lowering pills and exercise in mild cases. In severe cases the angioplasty procedure is performed, where a catheter with a balloon is inserted into the blocked vessel. In very severe cases (and even in not so severe cases) a by-pass operation is performed or an extremity is amputated.
The disadvantages of these treatments are manyfold: blood thinners - be it only aspirin- have side effects. Aspirin attacks the lining of the stomach and can lead to stomach ulcers. Aspirin also diminishes the vitamin C stores in the body. Other medication has to be dosed exactly and their effect has to be monitored closely, because too much blood thinning can lead to hemorrhages in the brain. 

Cholesterol lowering drugs put a burden on the liver and some pills not only lower the "bad" cholesterol LDL, but also the "good" cholesterol HDL.

The Angioplasty procedure with the balloon catheter is limited to vessels that have a minimum diameter. The catheter can't be inserted in to small vessels. In addition the procedure involves risks such as bursting of a blood vessel.Very often restenosis occurs after several weeks to months after the procedure and the procedure has to be repeated.

A by-pass Operation involves a long stay in the hospital and an operation that lasts for several hours and involves cutting open the rib cage and hooking the patient up to a heart-lung machine.The vein that is implanted as the by-pass around the blockage must function as an artery. The lining of a vein though is much thinner than the lining of an artery and isn't built to stand up to pressures like an artery.This is one of the reasons that the blockage reoccurs after a by-pass operation. The risk to die during a by-pass operation is 5 %. More than that suffer from mental problems within 2 years after the procedure due probabely to the heart-lung machine. 

Alternative, out-patient therapies for vascular disease:


1. Chelation Therapy
2. Plaquex Therapy